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Category: Neuland

“Zwangsbemüllung”. Oh, and phonebooks.

Photo: kandschwar

Somebody is still printing and delivering phone books (Article in German). 300 000 of them have been dropped all over Nürnberg, where they are now rotting (Facebook article in German), because nobody wants them.

German is a good language to make up compound nouns. The current one: »Zwangsbemüllung«

As compounds go, this one is pretty awesome:

Zwang = Force, Müll = Trash, bemüllen = a made-up verb from the noun Müll, where the prefix be- conveys a sense of ‘from above’ and a sense of passiveness. But -ung is a suffix that makes a verb a noun again, which makes the construct even more awesome.

Together, Zwangsbemüllung all in all it transports a sense of helplessness and suffering, while one has to endure trash which is being dropped on oneself. It’s a made-up thing that is not in the Duden, but it is perfectly clear what it means.

Also, only in Germany: Printed Phone Books are still a thing.


So Merkel was right?

Angela Merkel, November 2014:

“Wer wird einen fahrerlosen Autoverkehr organisieren, wenn er nicht weiß, ob ihm mitten zwischen Frankfurt und Mannheim irgendwann das Datennetz zusammenbricht, weil gerade Millionen von E-Mails Vorrang haben und die Sicherheit der Datenübermittlung nicht gewährleistet ist?”

Which is roughly »Who will organize autonomous traffic, if they can’t be sure that the net won’t crash between Frankfurt and Mannheim because millions of mails have precedence and traffic isn’t guaranteed to make it?« That’s nonsense, of course – an autonomous car is controlled by the onboard computer and not remotely, and especially not remotely in real time.

But, Tesla. So with Autopilot 2.0 in June this year, they gathered owner permission to collect video data from the onboard cameras, and will occasionally upload clips. Observed traffic is in the Gigabytes, now and then. And of course, it’s not real time remote control, but batched, non-time critical upload of learning data for Tesla’s Machine Learning training engine.

No need to panic over net neutrality, this is the lowest bulk traffic class and the opposite direction.


Meanwhile, in Germany…

Yesterday was the big Tesla Delivery Event, in which the first 30 cars have been handed over to their new owners, and in which the final technical specs have been revealed. Electrek has the full scoop, of course.

Yesterday was also the date, on which Bavarian Ministerpräsident Horst Seehofer percolated the idea to give tax breaks on the purchase of Euro 6 Diesel cars. Yes, he was serious.


Campaign Time and Summer in Germany

Merkel’s CDU has a programme, and it contains the impossible promise of “full employment”. CDU’s Peter Tauber comments “full employment is better than social justice”.

Of course nobody promised full employment at proper salary, so one commenter asked “So that’s now 3 Minijobs for me?”


Tauber pulls a Marie-Antoinette: “Had you learned something proper, you would not need three Minijobs.”

Twitter understood, and escalated quickly.


Ad revenue, and the German technophobia

Germany is not actually technophobic. As a country, we are looking back to a long tradition of embracing technology and innovation. A lot of the German technophobia you are seeing today has been created by German newspapers, notably the Springerpresse.

And they have their reasons. Reported by the Financial Times:

[Google and Facebook] hold on online spending has created a digital duopoly that is upending the advertising business. In 2015 they accounted for 75 per cent of all new online ad spending, according to Mary Meeker of Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, the US venture capital fund. Several analysts estimate that excluding Google and Facebook, the digital ad industry actually shrank in the first half of 2016.

The root cause for German Internet policy stances, current law and the general hysteria versus all things Google, Facebook/WhatsApp, Apple, Ebay and Microsoft in the end come down to that single observation above. From that root comes the defensive position of German Springerpresse, and from their influence on German politics comes the current policy.

Understanding that is the key to successful influence on German politics.


Steam Summer Sale

This magical time in summer, when you simply sit, watching the accumulated Gigabytes idly float by and think of the poor people of #neuland.

13 GB done, fifty more to go. And Steam is overloaded, not giving out much more than 200 MBit/s.


25 years “Individual Network e.V.”

Heiko Schlichting reminds us that 25 years ago, on the 20./21. of June 1992, the Individual Network e.V. was created (Text in German).

Individual Network e.V. was a NGO of NGOs, a construct where local citizen network NGOs could be members. Individual Network would then make contracts with the German Science Network DFN and other providers and buy traffic rights in bulk, in order to allow its members to use this traffic for non-commercial, private use.

In order to allow local NGOs to connect to the German Science Network DFN locally using the local university lines, Individual Network had to have some connection to DFN in order to be a member and customer. In the end it was decided that Individual Network would finance two X.25 lines into DFN at 50% each, with the local NGO taking the endpoint financing the other half.

That is how the NGO I represented, Toppoint Mailbox e.V., ended up with a 9600 bps X.25 line on 1.10.1992. This ended the era of long-distance dialup at Toppoint Kiel (well, not quite) and introduced a permanent link to the Internet.

That was well before the first web servers, so SMTP, NNTP and FTP were the order to the day. People connected to Toppoint using dial-up modems, ISDN dial-ups or semi-permanent (pre-conncted) ISDN dialups. Speeds were up to 128 kbps, using channel bundling.

I had a PI /24 those days, for home use, costing me 50 DM, one time.

Also, people reminded me of …!mcshh!tpki!kriski!kris. Yes, we did not use DNS back then, but had to name all hosts in the path of a mail. And hostnames are globally unique (yep, that scales even less than IP V4).

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How Google took over the classroom

Using electronic devices in the classroom seems to be a topic older than time, and the implementation often involved a lot of tedium. The problems and possible solutions are well understood in Germany (report about LTSP among other things), but the (purposefully) fragmented market for education in Germany is getting in the way here.

Biggest problem usually is keeping the machines clean and orderly, and keeping the data available across device loss. Children and teachers seem to be installing a lot of questionable software and extensions, and getting rid of these by setting up the machine seems to be the only way to be sure. So any school installation usually focuses on automatic fast imaging of the machines, and on server-side data storage for everything to make sure nothing is lost when a machine is lost or re-imaged.

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Google: “Federated learning”, Apple: “Differential privacy”

Google is using a strategy called “Federated Learning” to keep privacy sensitive data being used for AI purposes private. They basically download a preliminary model to the phone, modify the data with the observed behavior on the phone and upload the diffs back to Google Cloud, where they merge it to the existing data.

Apple uses “Differential Privacy“, where they add noise to the data so that observed privacy sensitive data observed in the cloud for one user may or may not be actually true, but individual noise contributions even out statistically over the whole data set.

Meanwhile, #neuland talks about Datenkraken and does… nothing?


Kyle reviews Prey

Kyle Kingsburg is usually known for his work in distributed systems verification.

But he is also a Gamer, and he reviews Prey (The review is 100% Spoiler, if you care about these things) and in particular the story, the storytelling mechanisms used and their relationship and adequateness for the themes the game touches.

I know nothing about Prey, and am also only mildly interested. But the style of discussion and the view on story and storytelling was reminiscent of literature or theater criticism and review, the kind you get when you listen to Deutschlandradio or NDR Kultur over breakfast.

In a way, #neuland again, because this is precisely not how “high culture” in Germany deals with modern media – but it should.

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