Thomas Fox-Brewster of Forbes writes on Roberto Suggi Liverani and Steven Seeley, which began researching the security of Trend Micro products last year in late July and have since today 223 weaknesses in 11 producs, 194 of them remotely exploitable.
Turns out that their Data Loss Prevention tool is a lot better at Data Loss than preventing it.
Most shocking for the two reseachers has been that a large number of these finds have been trivial, showing that internal code audits and software engineering practices at Trend Micro are most likely severely underdeveloped or performed only informally.
Full presentation will be at Hack in the Box, in Amsterdam, covering TrendMicro ScanMail for Microsoft Exchange, TrendMicro Smart Protection Center, TrendMicro Data Loss Prevention, TrendMicro Control Manager, TrendMicro InterScan Web Security Virtual Appliance, TrendMicro InterScan Messaging Security Suite, TrendMicro Threat Discovery Appliance, TrendMicro SafeSync, and TrendMicro Mobile Security Enterprise.
Dark Reading is scared: All new malware is “zero-day”, for an interesting and wrong definition of zero-day, because then the article reads much more impressive.
The actual definition of a Zero Day is a previously unknown exploit that is being used by some party to compromise a machine. In the article, the term is used differently, meaning a file that is a known malware, but has changed itself so that it has a checksum that is not in currently distributed signature catalogs of known malware.
That is of course neither correct, nor new.
Harald has been testing for U2F Fido Tokens with Bluetooth LE support. His verdict:
If you have to have Bluetooth support, go for the Feitian, or wait until Yubico launches their version. If you do not need Bluetooth support, stick with Yubikey for now.
Tested were Yubico Yubikey 4, HyperSecu HyperFido U2F, VASCO SecureCLick, and Feitian Multipass.
US Customs and Border Patrol have forced a NASA engineer to give up the passcode to his cellphone, and presumably copied and inspected the device, The Atlantic reports.
If you are traveling into the US, you are well advised to take blank dummy devices with you, which do not contain any work or personal data on them. Resetting a personal device prior to travel may not be enough in all cases, residual data may exist in the flash (Chromebook and Nexus “Powerwash” reset might be).
Not traveling into the US might be even smarter.
Following a great idea from their friends at GitLab, Soup.io loses all postings since 2015 because of malfunctioning backups. They write:
We had a big database crash, and the backups we had were corrupted.
The only working backup was from 2015.
Improving Recovery Procedures
9. Automated testing of recovering PostgreSQL database backups (#1102)
Does your database backup successfully restore? Are you sure? Are you testing this?
Remember these words of wisdom:
Nobody wants backup.
Everybody wants restore.
— Martin Seeger
From the HHOS-Dept: The Verizon Data Breach Digest is a thing that exists. This issue (PDF) reports a Botnet built from drink dispensers and other Internet of Trash things at a University that have been badly protected, but were indispensable enough that they could not be simply disconnected and wiped.
Apparently the embedded trash united to run a DNS DDoS attack against some domains, but the Botnet was luckily written so badly that it could be taken over and disabled, regaining some semblance of control over the devices – mostly because the Botnets C&C did not use SSL and also did not encrypt passwords. So that was salvageable mostly due to incompetence on the side of the botnet operators.
The Amnesty Report “Dangerously Disproportionate: The Ever-Expanding National Security State in Europe” (PDF) goes through the states of Europes and their respective implementation of the surveillance state – emergency laws, principle of legality, privacy, freedom of expression, liberty, freedom of movement, and other categories are being investigated.
The summary states:
[B]y proposing, adopting and implementing wave after wave of counter-terrorism measures that have eroded the rule of law, enhanced executive powers, peeled away judicial controls, restricted freedom of expression and exposed everyone to government surveillance. Brick by brick, the edifice of rights protection that was so carefully constructed after the Second World War, is being dismantled.
This report aims to give a bird’s eye view of the national security landscape in Europe. It shows just how widespread and deep the “securitization” of Europe has become since 2014. The report reflects a world in which fear, alienation and prejudice are steadily chipping away at the cornerstones of the EU: fairness, equality and non-discrimination.
The [Chinese] Social Credit System is a proposed Chinese government initiative for developing a national reputation system. It has been reported to be intended to assign a “social credit” rating to every citizen based on government data regarding their economic and social status.
Xinhuanet has reported that the plan for the system “focuses on credit in four areas, including administrative affairs, commercial activities, social behavior, and the judicial system.”
Meanwhile The Intercepts reports on the FBI Rap Back program (““Rap” is an acronym for Record of Arrest and Prosecution; “Back” is short for background.”), which will implement exactly this:
What the program counts as “triggering events” differs depending on how subscribers configure their systems. In Missouri, where public school teachers are entered into the program, a police captain told a local paper that scanning fingerprints triggers the release of closed records, including charges that are not prosecuted and judicial decisions that result in dismissals or not guilty findings. […]
Lynch said it’s possible that employees could be fired for an arrest where they were exercising their First Amendment rights: filming public officials, attending protests, blocking streets. “It’s unclear if an employer that takes action based on the arrest would know the arrest is tied to First Amendment protected activity.”
Jens Heyens and Ben Stock of the Uni Saarland have found a code execution bug (PDF) in Bash 4.4 and higher.
$ touch ’”‘ touch HereBeDragons ‘’ $ rm \”\‘touch\ HereBeDragons\‘ ^C $ ls -lt insgesamt 0 −rw−r−−r−− 1 heyens heyens 0 17. Jan 16:03 HereBeDragons −rw−r−−r−− 1 heyens heyens 0 17. Jan 16:03 ’” ‘ touch HereBeDragons ‘ ’
The bug has been introduced in commit 74b8cbb41398b4453d8ba04d0cdd1b25f9dcb9e3 on the devel branch of bash and made into 4.4-stable. It is present since May 2015.