Our World in Data has a very nice long read with many interactive visualisations giving context to CO2.
We begin with exploring CO2 cumulative (how much CO2 did each nation produce over its industrial history), scaling it to annual emission and then scaling it by population, too. We also learn about CO2 produced vs. CO2 in the atmosphere, which is a delayed system.
The second part then deals with CO2 and industrialisation: Emission vs. Properity, vs. Growth, and also with CO2 from trade and transport, and from meat production.
As always with Our World in Data, the article concludes with Definitions, Methods and pointers to raw data sources.